The HTML Content Division element (<div>) is the generic container for flow content. It has no effect on the content or layout until styled using CSS.

As a "pure" container, the <div> element does not inherently represent anything. Instead, it's used to group content so it can be easily styled using the class or id attributes, marking a section of a document as being written in a different language (using the lang attribute), and so on.

Content categories Flow content, palpable content.
Permitted content Flow content.
Or (in WHATWG HTML): If the parent is a <dl> element: one or more <dt> elements followed by one or more <dd> elements, optionally intermixed with <script> and <template> elements.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts flow content.
Or (in WHATWG HTML): <dl> element.
Permitted ARIA roles Any
DOM interface HTMLDivElement


This element includes the global attributes.

The align attribute is obsolete; do not use it anymore. Instead, you should use CSS properties or techniques such as CSS Grid or CSS Flexbox to align and position <div> elements on the page.

Usage notes

  • The <div> element should be used only when no other semantic element (such as <article> or <nav>) is appropriate.


A simple example

  <p>Any kind of content here. Such as
  &lt;p&gt;, &lt;table&gt;. You name it!</p>

The result looks like this:

A styled example

This example creates a shadowed box by applying a style to the <div> using CSS. Note the use of the class attribute on the <div> to apply the style named "shadowbox" to the element.


<div class="shadowbox">
  <p>Here's a very interesting note displayed in a
  lovely shadowed box.</p>


.shadowbox {
  width: 15em;
  border: 1px solid #333;
  box-shadow: 8px 8px 5px #444;
  padding: 8px 12px;
  background-image: linear-gradient(180deg, #fff, #ddd 40%, #ccc);



Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<div>' in that specification.
Living Standard No changes since the latest snapshot
The definition of '<div>' in that specification.
Recommendation Obsoleted align
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<div>' in that specification.

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support Yes Yes 1 Yes Yes Yes
align Yes Yes 1 Yes Yes Yes
Android webview Chrome for Android Edge Mobile Firefox for Android Opera for Android iOS Safari Samsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes 4 Yes Yes Yes
align Yes Yes Yes 4 Yes Yes Yes

See also

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